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Perito Moreno Glacier, Santa Cruz Province, Argentina
Perito Moreno Glacier in Los Glaciares National Park, a World Heritage Site in Santa Cruz Province, Argentina.
Image: Luca Galuzzi
Flag of Argentina
Flag of Argentina
Location map of Argentina. Where in South America is Argentina?
Location map of Argentina
Argentina is an independent state and a republic which occupies much of the southern part of South America.

With an area of 2,780,400 km², it is the 8th largest country in the world and the second-largest country in South America (after Brazil). Compared it is slightly larger than 5 times the size of France, or about 4 times the size of Texas.

Argentina is bordered by the Andes mountain range and Chile in west, by Bolivia and Paraguay in north and by Brazil and Uruguay in north east and it borders the South Atlantic Ocean in east.

Argentina has a population of 43.5 million people (in 2016); capital and and largest city is Buenos Aires. Spoken language is Spanish.

There are seven geographical regions in Argentina: Argentine Northwest; the Chaco Region (Gran Chaco), a hot and semi-arid lowland; the mountain chain of the Sierras pampeanas; subtropical Mesopotamia (Littoral); Cuyo in central-west; the Pampas, a vast fertile alluvial plain; and Patagonia, the sparsely populated south of Argentina. The country offers several climatic zones ranging from (north to south) tropical and subtropical zones along the Brazilian border to temperate regions to a subpolar area in the extreme south.

Argentine Republic | República Argentina

Country Profile

Argentina was colonized by Spain in the 16th century, it declared its independence in 1816 and emerged as a democratic republic in the mid 19th century, but has since then periodically fallen under military rule.

Argentina's people are a fusion of diverse national and ethnic groups, with descendants predominant of Italian and Spanish immigrants.

Following independence from Spain in 1816, Argentina experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions.
After World War II, a long period of Peronist authoritarian rule and interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976.

In 1982, Argentina’s claim to the Falkland Islands led to an unsuccessful war with Britain. Democracy returned in 1983, and numerous elections since then have underscored Argentina's progress in democratic consolidation.


Official Name:
República Argentina
for purposes of legislation: Nación Argentina (Argentine Nation)
short form: Argentina
int'l long form: Argentine Republic

ISO Country Code: ar, arg

Local Time = UTC -3h
Actual Time: Thu-Nov-21  11:30

Country Calling Code: +54

Capital City: Buenos Aires (pop. 3 million)

Other Cities:
Córdoba (pop. 1 350 000), Rosario (pop. 1 158 000), Mendoza (pop. 800 000 ), Santa Fe (pop. 360 000), Mar del Plata, La Plata, Tucuman.

Type: Republic.
Independence: 9 July 1816 (from Spain). Constitution: 1 May 1853; revised August 1994.

Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay.
Area: 2.8 million km² (1.1 million sq. mi.); second-largest country in South America.
Terrain: Rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border.

Climate: Varied--predominantly temperate with extremes ranging from subtropical in the north to arid/sub- Antarctic in far south.

Nationality: Argentine(s).
Population: 43.5 million (2016)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 13,153 (year)
Ethnic groups: European 97%, mostly of Spanish and Italian descent; Mestizo, Amerindian or other nonwhite groups 3%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%.
Languages: Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French.
Literacy (2001): 97%.

Natural resources: Fertile plains (pampas); minerals--lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron, manganese, oil, and uranium.

Agriculture products: Grains, oilseeds and by-products, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock.

Industries: Food processing, motor vehicles, oil refining, machinery and equipment, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals.

Exports - commodities: soybeans and derivatives, petroleum and gas, vehicles, corn, wheat

Exports - partners: Brazil 17%, China 8.6%, US 5.9% (2015)

Imports - commodities: intermediate goods, machinery, motor vehicles, petroleum and natural gas, organic chemicals, plastics

Imports - partners: Brazil 29%, US 14%, China 10%, Germany 5% (2015)

Currency: Argentine Peso (ARS)

Argentina in numbers
More Argentina statistical figures.

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Official Sites of Argentina

Argentina is a federal constitutional republic with an independent Judiciary. Head of state and head of government is the President. Executive power is exercised by the President. Legislative power is vested in both the Executive and the bicameral National Congress (Congreso de la Nación Argentina).

Portal del Estado - Gateway to Argentina's Federal Administration.

Presidencia de la Nación - Argentina
Office of the presidency of Argentina.

Congreso de la Nación
Official website of the National Congress of Argentina. (in Spanish)

Ministry of Foreing Affairs and Worship
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Argentina. The ministry handles the country's foreign affairs and maintains additionally the National Secretariat for Worship, which compiles the mandatory registrations of all churches and religious communities, other than those of the Catholic Church. The ministry also provides an address list of Argentina's Diplomatic Missions around the world, and of Foreign Embassies in Buenos Aires.

Diplomatic Missions
Delegation of the Permanent Mission of Argentina to the United Nations
Permanent Mission of Argentina to the United Nations.
Embassy of Argentina
Washington D.C.

Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos
National Institute of Statistics and Census.
Argentina in numbers
Argentina key statistical data.

Servicio Meteorológico Nacional
Argentine's meteorological Service.


Administrative Map of Argentina
Map of the Argentine Republic with provinces and their capitals.
Map of Argentina
Political Map of Argentina.
Google Earth Google Earth Argentina
Searchable map and satellite viewArgentina.
Google Earth Google Earth Buenos Aires
Searchable map and satellite view of Argentina's capital city.
Map of South America
Reference map of South America.

Lake Futalaufquen, Parque Nacional Los Alerces
Lake Futalaufquen, Los Alerces National Park in Chubut Province.
Image: Agus Mechi

News from Argentina

Buenos Aires Herald
Argentinas international newspaper.
Clarin digital
National and international news (in Spanish).
El Cronista
Regional News (in Spanish).
El Ojo Digital
Argentine newspaper from Buenos Aires (in Spanish).
La Nacion
La Nacion line - Regional News (in Spanish).
La Razón
National and international news (in Spanish).
National and international news (in Spanish).

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Arts & Culture

Academia Nacional del Tango
The National Tango Academy.
Comprehensive directory to Argentine Arts.
Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina
The National Library.
Museos Argentinos
Directory of Argentine Museums (Spanish).
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes
The National Museum of Fine Arts.
Todo Tango
All about Tango Argentino.


Business & Economy

Argentina benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. But, Argentina suffered during most of the 20th century from recurring economic crises, persistent fiscal and current account deficits, high inflation, mounting external debt, and capital flight.
A severe depression, growing public and external indebtedness, and an unprecedented bank run culminated in 2001 in the most serious economic, social, and political crisis in the country. Under Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (former president) economic growth of previous years began to slow sharply as government policies held back exports and the world economy fell into recession. In December 2016 Fernández was indicted in a corruption case, she was accused to illegally take public funds meant for public works between May 2003 and December 2015.

After being elected into office on December 10, President MACRI has taken significant steps to liberalize the Argentine economy. His administration lifted capital controls; floated the peso, negotiated debt payments with holdout bond creditors, and removed export controls on some commodities.

Banco Central de la Republica Argentina
Central Bank of the Argentine Republic.
Banco de la Nación Argentina
Bank of the Argentine Nation,state-owned and largest bank in the country.
Bolsa de Comercio de Buenos Aires
Argentine Stock Exchange System.

Cámara Argentina de Comercio
Argentine Chamber of Commerce.

Aerolineas Argentinas
Argentina's flag carrier and largest airline.
LATAM Argentina
Airline based in Buenos Aires.

Ferrocarriles Argentinos
The Argentine railway network with its 37,000 km, is one of the most extensive in the world. In the 1990th the Argentine government began the privatization of the national railway, but Argentine railways service worsened significantly in the years that followed. The privatization was ultimately reversed in 2015 with the creation of Nuevos Ferrocarriles Argentinos.


Iguazú Falls from the Argentine side
Iguazú Falls from the Argentine side. The waterfalls of the Iguazu River are on the border of the Argentine province of Misiones and the Brazilian state of Paraná.
Image: Charlesjsharp

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Argentina - Country Guides

Discover Argentina: hotels, accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, nature, tours and much more.

Argentina's official tourism website.

Secretaría de Turismo
Informations on "the land of the six continents".

A guide to Argentina by argentour.

 Sur del Sur
El Sur del Sur (The Southernmost South), Argentina, presents an entertaining synthesis of Argentine geography, history, population, economy and culture. (English/Spanish).

Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
The Municipality of Buenos Aires.
Turismo Buenos Aires
Official tourism site of Buenos Aires.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites Argentina

World Heritage Site Cueva de las Manos
An exceptional assemblage of cave art, executed between 13,000 and 9,500 years ago.

World Heritage Site Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba 
The heart of the former Jesuit Province of Paraguay, contains the core buildings of the Jesuit system: the university, the church and residence of the Society of Jesus.

World Heritage Site Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis
The ruins of San Ignacio Miní and Santa María la Mayor in Argentina, lie at the heart of a tropical forest. They are the impressive remains of five Jesuit missions built in the 17th and 18th centuries.

World Heritage Site Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road System
The site of an extensive Inca communication, trade and defence network of roads covering 30,000 km. Constructed by the Incas over several centuries and partly based on pre-Inca infrastructure.

World Heritage Site Quebrada de Humahuaca
Quebrada de Humahuaca is a narrow and arid mountainous valley in the north-westernmost part of Argentina. It is the most important physical linkage between the high Andean lands and the extensive temperate plains with hundreds of archaeological and architectural sites.

World Heritage Site Iguazu National Park
The Iguazu Falls are a semicircular waterfall some 80 m high and 2,700 m in diameter, situated on a basaltic line spanning the border between Argentina and Brazil.

World Heritage Site Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks
These two contiguous parks contain the most complete continental fossil record known from the Triassic Period, with a wide range of fossils of mammals, dinosaurs and plants.

World Heritage Site Los Glaciares National Park
An area of exceptional natural beauty, with rugged, towering mountains and numerous glacial lakes, including Lake Argentino.

World Heritage Site Península Valdés
Península Valdés in Patagonia is a site of global significance for the conservation of marine mammals. It is home to an important breeding population of the endangered southern right whale as well as important breeding populations of southern elephant seals and southern sea lions.



Ministerio de Educación
The Ministry of Culture and Education.

Universidad de Buenos Aires UBA
Founded in 1821, it is the largest university in Argentina.

Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
The National University of Córdoba is the oldest university in Argentina, founded in 1613 by Jesuits (Society of Jesus).

List of universities in Argentina
Wikipedia's list of public and private universities in Argentina.
Guide to Argentine Universities. (in Spanish)


Environment - Environmental organizations Argentina

Fundación para la defensa del ambiente (FUNAM)
Environment Defense Foundation, an NGO for a sustainable development.
Fundación PROTEGER
Organization for sustainable development, member of the UICN
World-wide union for the Nature.
Greenpeace Argentina
Argentine section of Greenpeace.
''In Argentina there is environmental masquerading''
Argentine biologist Raúl Montenegro, winner of the ''Alternative Nobel Prize'' about his environmental achievements.



WWW-VL: History: Argentina
Index of online recources of Argentina's history.
History of Argentina
Wikipedia about the historical developement in Argentina.



Open Directory Project: Argentina

Sources and additional Information on Argentina

BBC Country Profile: Argentina

Background Notes: Argentina

globalEDGE: Argentina

The Heritage Foundation: Argentina

Human Rights Watch: Argentina

Human Rights Report: Argentina

OEC: Argentina

Wikipedia: Argentina

The World Factbook -- Argentina
 Support UNICEF

Other Countries of South America:
Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela

Major Cities in South America:
Belo Horizonte, Bogotá, Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Caracas, La Paz, Lima, Manaus, Montevideo, Paramaribo,
Porto Alegre, Quito, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador (da Bahia, Santiago, São Paulo, Sucre

Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama